Americans' civil status: From "there" to
"here" in 224 years
Get out your law dictionary and be prepared to read the following more than
once. This anonymously-submitted, 5,000-word journey into our standing "in
law," originally entitled "U.S. Legal History," is a well-cited
description of how we have been had. The references are bona fide. This essay,
combined with countless other clues scattered throughout recorded history,
indicates the following: Elections are not held; torches are passed. Our historically
tacit assent to phony contracts binding us to servitude has stood for over 200
years because like-minded administrators have been managing them—and because
the masses prefer to be managed. The elders of an elite class have been
teaching generation after generation of their progeny how to convert paper
fictions into the authority to own and exploit resources (including people).
The entire absurdity is continually re-consummated by people who remain
ignorant of the phony, lawfully-unenforceable ink-and-paper instruments
reducing them to the status of peas, lentils
U.S. Law is Private Merchant Law, leaving the people as Surety and
Debtor on the national bankruptcy.
Law is contract, universally and in the U.S., so we must follow the progression
of contractual agreements, which constitute the underlying U.S. Law. We cannot
address all individual laws and cases for it would take lifetimes to review
them all—even though ignorance is no excuse
of the millions of laws, statutes, codes, etc.—in Private Admiralty
In basically chronological order, the following progression of contracts, and
our interpretation of them, follows:
The USA, a corporation of the English Crown, is bankrupt, and has been since at
least 1788. The Articles of Confederation states in Article 12: "All bills
of credit emitted, monies borrowed, and debts contracted by, or under the
authority of Congress, before the assembling of the United States, in pursuance
of the present confederation, shall be deemed as considered a charge against
the United States, for payment and satisfaction whereof the said United States,
and the public faith are hereby solemnly pledged."
The "Founding Fathers," as constitutors, acknowledged and reorganized
the debt in the U.S. Constitution 1787, Article VI, hence
"constitution." Bankruptcy occurred on January 1, 1788 based on 21
loans that the United States of America received from the King of
England dating from February 28, 1778, through July 5, 1782, the repayment of which
had been ratified by Congress on January 22, 1783. The United States Bank, created in 1791, was
a private bank, with 18,000 of 25,000 shares owned by England.
No de jure, constitutional Congress has existed since March 27, 1861, when
seven (7) Southern States walked out of Congress leaving Congress without a
quorum for adjourning and therefore ending sine die. That which is called
"Congress" today assembles and acts under the authority of the
President acting in capacity of being Commander-In-Chief of the Armed Forces,
under emergency war-powers rule, i.e. "law of necessity," i.e. no law
(see 12 Stat 319, which has never been repealed and exists in Title 50 USC §§
212, 213, 215, Appendix 16, 26 CFR Chapter 1 § 303.1-6(a), and 31 CFR Chapter 5
§ 500.701 Penalties).
Since the above-referenced date, March 27, 1861, Americans have been under
Fascist rule via presidential executive order under the aforementioned
Emergency War Powers, 12 USC 95 a, b. Every "citizen of t he United
States" is now "legally" established as an "enemy" via
Amendatory Act of March 9, 1933, 48 Stat. 1, amending Trading With Enemy Act of
October 6, 1917, H.R. 4960, Public Law No. 91.
On December 6, 1865, the 14th Amendment was proclaimed as ratified (even though
it never properly was, see below). The 14th Amendment, which is private Roman
Catholic Ecclesiastical Trust Law, constitutes a constructive, cestui que
trust, a public charitable trust (PCT) that was expressly designed to bring
every corporate franchise artificial person called a "citizen of the
United States" into an inseparable merging with the government until the
two are united (with power held by the government, not the people). A cestui
que trust is fundamentally different from a regular trust, which is express
[clear, definite, explicit] in nature and consists of a contractual indenture
involving three (3) parties: Grantor (Creator or Trustor), Trustee,
and Beneficiaries. In an express trust, legal ownership is transferred by
written contract between Grantor and Trustee in which the Grantor surrenders
ownership of property to the legal person, the Trust, to be managed by the
Trustee on behalf of those who are to benefit from the arrangement, the
Beneficiaries. A cestui que trust, on the other hand, differs from an express
trust in several crucial ways:
a. It is not formed by express contract, i.e. overt agreement expressed in
writing, but by legal construction, i.e. fiat.
b. A cestui que trust has no Grantor, but, being a constructive trust created
by operation of law, i.e. by make-believe, has only co-trustees and
co-beneficiaries. The co-trustees are the parties with the duties for managing
property for the "public good," i.e. for the benefit of those
designated as co-beneficiaries.
The Legislative Act of February 21, 1871, Forty-first Congress, Session III,
Chapter 62, page 419, chartered a Federal company entitled "United
States," a/k/a "US Inc.," a "Commercial Agency"
originally designated as "Washington, D.C.," in accordance with the
so-called 14th Amendment, which the record indicates was never ratified (see
Utah Supreme Court Cases, Dyett v Turner, (1968) 439 P2d 266, 267; State v
Phillips, (1975) 540 P 2d 936; as well as Coleman v. Miller, 307 U.S. 448, 59
S. Ct. 972; 28 Tulane Law Review, 22; 11
South Carolina Law Quarterly 484; Congressional Record, June 13, 1967, pp.
15641-15646). A "citizen of the United States" is a civilly dead
entity operating as a co-trustee and co-beneficiary of the PCT, the
constructive, cestui que trust of US Inc. under the 14th Amendment, which
upholds the debt of the USA and US Inc. in Section 4 [of the 14th Amendment].
In conformity with the above-referenced creation of United States (1871) and
the 14th Amendment, the Legislature of each State created a limited-liability
corporation, chartered in a private, military, international, commercial,
admiralty/maritime jurisdiction, entitled "STATE OF…" e.g.
"STATE OF CALIFORNIA," as evidenced by, inter alia, the change in the
seal and the creation of a new constitution, e.g. Constitution of the State of
California (1879), concerning which, re California:
a. A general partnership agreement, hereinafter "General
Partnership," exists between the California Republic (1849), and STATE OF
CALIFORNIA (1879), with STATE OF CALIFORNIA acting as governmental controller.
b. STATE OF CALIFORNIA now acts as an agent/instrumentality of United States,
collecting whole life insurance premiums, known as "taxes," for the
International Monetary Fund, based, inter alia, upon the Limited Liability Act
of 1851 and the bankruptcy of United States of 1933, see House Joint Resolution
192 of June 5, 1933; Public Law 73-10; Perry v. U.S. (1935), 294 U.S. 330-381,
79 L Ed 912 ; 31 USC 5112, 5119.
Inasmuch as all law is contract, the contract involved in a constructive trust
is an implied contract. An implied contract can be ratified by two (2) means:
a. Acquiescence by silence, i.e. the "government" asserts its
intentions concerning your life, rights, and property and you assent, don't
rebut, and compliantly go along with what they claim. In 1871 the Government
changed the nature of its contract with the people from law as defined by the
original Constitution of 1787 that recognizes law (common law), admiralty (on
the sea only), and equity (functioning by voluntary contract between all
participating parties), and began
relating to people as if they were "citizens of the Unites States"
within/under the private, commercial, international, military jurisdiction of
the new de facto corporation, i.e. US Inc. They
offered people a "new deal," and almost everyone bought it (based on
naïve and foolish trust and assuming that everything was OK). The people were
thereby denied access to law and placed on the ship of state of US Inc. where
the captain's word is law and no one has any rights. As Jefferson phrased the
matter, "As government grows, liberty recedes."
b. You expressly accept "benefits" offered by the government, and
thereby finalize the contract by deed. This is similar to finalizing a contract
with a restaurant by sitting down at a table, reading a menu, and then ordering
and consuming a meal. By your deeds you affirm to the restaurant that you will
pay for the meal in accordance with the price stated on the menu. No written
contract is signed, but a contract is formed nevertheless.
By the above two (2) means people give implied assent that they are bound by an
alleged contract with US Inc. in accordance with the terms and conditions that
inhere in being treated as a "citizen of the United States" under the
14th Amendment, and are therefore placed into
permanent legal status as a Debtor and Surety for U.S. Inc. In such a position
people leave the ground of sovereignty and all capacity for asserting their
unalienable rights in favor of being presumed as having exercised their
sovereignty and free-will autonomy for the purpose of going along with the
government's assertion that they sacrifice everything for the "public
good," i.e. the PCT.
By so doing people lose their standing in law, i.e. they "die a civil
death in the law." They are placed in the legal position of mortmain (i.e.
as if deceased) and are shorn of capacity for asserting their rights, since the
presumption is that they have already exercised those rights for the purpose of
being placed in the position they are in, i.e. property of the government with
a lien against them and everything their lives of labor could ever create,
including children. The private being
(the real individual) is sacrificed for the good of the public (the imaginary
When people die such a civil death in the law they are like ghosts, and thereby
incapable of managing their own affairs and enjoying their unalienable rights.
Like the estate of a decedent, they are then managed by the
executors/administrators of the estate, in probate. Such is the condition of every "citizen
of the United States" today in law, managed by the government agencies
acting as executors/administrators of their estates in bankruptcy, legal
incapacity, and civil death as assets of the bankrupt US. The US is property of
the private Real Parties of Interest, the Creditors in bankruptcy.
The 14th Amendment was allegedly established for the purpose of creating a
citizenship for the liberated blacks, and other disenfranchised people, who
otherwise had no citizenship because they could not comply with the
requirements for state citizenship. What actually happened was that the blacks
were taken off of the Southern slave plantations and placed into the slave
plantation of US Inc., a far worse lot. The government then gradually absorbed
everyone else—including state citizens—into the same condition.
1871-1913—Officers of the actual government held office in dual capacity, i.e.
in both USA and US Inc. status.
1912—Bonds issued by US Inc. came due but US Inc. did not have the resources
for paying its creditors (the seven families that founded the Federal Reserve
Bank), so US Inc.'s owner (the actual government) was required to pay the
balance. The national government was also
without sufficient funds to meet US Inc.'s obligations, so the creditors
settled for all of the assets of both US Inc. and the national government
instead of foreclosure on and liquidation of the
entire country. By so doing they expropriated the nation—both USA and US Inc.
1912—US Inc. forms an agreement with the Federal Reserve Bank (It is important
to note that both of these entities are private corporations which removes the
general allegations of treason or fraud from this relationship). Through this
agreement US Inc. must function in debt, even though it has neither funds nor
resources for financing its operation.
1912—The first corporate-only Senators are seated in the next election year by
popular vote of the US Inc. registered voters. The original-jurisdiction
national Senators of the States did not assume office that year and at least
one third of the nation's Senators seats were lawfully and voluntarily vacant.
February 3, 1913—US Inc. passes its 16th Amendment and Congress orders the
Secretary of State to enter it as ratified even though the States had not
ratified it according to Law. The Secretary complied. It should be noted that
this would not have been lawful if it were a
national Constitution amendment, however it was perfectly legal within the
colorable, de facto corporation. It should also be noted that where the
national Constitution already had a 16th amendment and where the Supreme Court
says that the new 16th Amendment did not do
anything, this corporate amendment must simply be a space filler entered such
that US Inc.'s Constitution (1871) would have the same number of amendments as
that of the national Constitution (1787).
April 8, 1913—US Inc. passes its 17th amendment and Congress orders it to be
entered as ratified in the exact same manner as they did with US Inc.'s 16th
Amendment. This amendment changes where US Inc.'s Senators are elected. This
amendment is not even lawfully possible as a
national Constitution amendment for several reasons, not the least of which is
that the amendment would have required that Congress first pass an amendment
that stated that they had the power to say where Senators are elected before
they could even deliberate on such a subject matter, after which they would
then have to have competent ratifications performed on such amendments in
accord with constitutional limits, not as was done with US Inc.'s 16th
December 23, 1913—The Congress, late at night with only a small cadre of
supporters present, passed the Federal Reserve Act, surrendering the creation
and management of the nation's currency into the hands of a cartel of
private—and mostly foreign—bankers. Currency is the single most essential and
critical commodity in the world, embodying more law and principles of commerce
than any other. Since all interactions are "commerce," and the medium
of doing business in commerce is currency, money is, in a very significant
sense, the measure of all things. By abandoning control and management of the
money supply the nation surrendered all capacity for claiming sovereignty. The
government lost its independent treasury (one of the requirements in law for
national sovereignty). The United States Government became a mere fiefdom, or
administrative arm, of the bankers, who now owned the store.
Passage of the Federal Reserve Act was a major milestone on the "road to
serfdom" that this entire progression outlines. The conspiratorial nature
of matters is exemplified in comments by one of the major actors in the triumph
of the Federal Reserve, Edward Mandell House, who had this to say in a private
meeting with President Woodrow Wilson:
"[Very] soon, every American will be required to register their biological
property in a national system designed to keep track of the people and that
will operate under the ancient system of pledging. By such methodology, we can
compel people to submit to our agenda, which will effect our security as a
chargeback for our fiat paper currency. Every American will be forced to
register or suffer being unable to work and earn a living. They will be our
chattel, and we will hold the security interest over them forever, by operation
of the law merchant under the scheme of secured transactions. Americans, by
unknowingly or unwittingly delivering the bills of lading to us, will be
rendered bankrupt and insolvent, forever to remain economic slaves through
taxation, secured by their pledges. They will be stripped of their rights and
given a commercial value designed to make us a profit and they will be none the
wiser, for not one man in a million could ever figure our plans and, if by
accident one or two should figure it out, we have in our arsenal plausible
deniability. After all, this is the only logical way to fund government, by
floating liens and debt to the registrants in the form of benefits and
privileges. This will
inevitably reap to us huge profits beyond our wildest expectations and leave
every American a contributor to this fraud which we will call 'Social
Insurance.' Without realizing it, every American will insure us for any loss we
may incur and in this manner, every American will
unknowingly be our servant, however begrudgingly. The people will become
helpless and without any hope for their redemption and, we will employ the high
office of the President of our dummy corporation to foment this plot against
Corporate-only Senators begin participating in all matters with those Senators
who still had original jurisdiction government capacity, as a result of which
all activities of the government were performed in corporate capacity only.
1917—President Wilson was re-elected by the Electoral College, but only US
Inc.'s Senate performed the Senate confirmation necessary for seating the
national President. There was no national government Senate confirmation; no
national seats were seated and all remained
vacant. Note: the national President is also the Military's Commander in Chief,
and under the nation's status of being ruled by the private, commercial,
martial-law rule of the Bankers and English Crown, the business needs of the
nation have remained under US Inc. control since
1871, i.e. ever since US Inc. was incorporated and made operational over such
1917-1944—All national government seats are and remain vacant, and US Inc.
continues maintaining the business needs of the government under martial-law
June 5, 1933—US Inc. declares bankruptcy under House Joint Resolution,
1935—The Social Security Act is passed.
On application, the new Social Security Administration (hereinafter
"SSA") creates a private Trust with a trust name that sounds like the
name of the applicant except the Trust's name is spelled with all capital
letters. SSA makes the applicant a co-trustee of the namesake Trust, designates
the SSA General Trust Fund as the Beneficiary of the namesake trust, and assigns
the Trust a Social Security General Trust Fund Account number regarding the
applicant for accounting and identification purposes.
1938—In Erie Railroad v. Tompkins (1938), 304 U.S. 64-92, the U.S. Supreme
Court sets the presumption regarding the status and capacity of an individual
as that of General Capacity/General Partnership relationship with the namesake
Trust, as if the two (2) entities—individual and namesake Trust—were
1944—In the Bretton Woods Agreement US Inc. is quit-claimed into the newly
formed International Monetary Fund (hereinafter "IMF") in exchange
for the power allowing US Inc.'s President the right of naming (seating and
controlling) the governors and general managers of
the International Monetary Fund, The World Bank for Reconstruction and
Development, and the Inter-American Bank also formed in that agreement
(codified at United States Code Title 22 § 286). It must be noted that this act
created an unlawful conflict of interest between US Inc.
(with its new foreign owner) and its purpose of carrying out the business needs
of the national government. This is the cause of our use of the term
"original-jurisdiction" government. With the new foreign owner of US
Inc. a conflict of interest is created between the national government and US
Inc., even though the contracted purpose of US Inc. has not changed on its
1962—At the National Governor's Conference in Lexington, Kentucky, US Inc.
informs the governors, under the guise of "public necessity," that
they must all form, or reform existing, private corporations under US Inc. (in
their state's interest), so that the people will not
discover what the state governments are doing with the people's money (dabbling
in foreign notes, i.e. Federal Reserve Notes [FRNs], bonds, and other evidences
of debt), which activity is forbidden from State governments by their own State
constitutions, which information would
likely cause a people's revolt ending in the State officials being at worst
killed and at least replaced. The proposed incorporation deadline was 1968.
1970—By this time each State revised its constitution and statutes and formed
private corporate entities of the name "STATE OF (X)" (where
"(X)" is representative of the common State name), and then vacated their
original jurisdiction government seats in favor of foreign ownership and
control under the mandate of US Inc.
It appears that this was all done so a General Partnership could be presumed as
existing between "The State" (of the national Union of States) and
"STATE OF (X)", a private corporation. Said STATE OF (X), as General
Partner, then assumes the role of governmental operator/controller. This
scenario is further proven by the fact that these corporate entities cannot
handle gold and silver coin of the United States of America in commercial
transactions without violating the Par Value Modifications Act and the Foreign
Currency Exchange Act.
Consider the following examples in light of the forgoing:
*On April 19th, 1994, Federal agents attacked, burned and razed the Branch
Davidians "compound" in Waco, Texas, killing approximately 100 of the
members of the sect (including 17 innocent children) without any lawful cause
for the action.
*50 USC 1520 et seq. (revised in 1997) demonstrates that there exists an agenda
for using Americans (Sovereign and otherwise) as biological test subjects. This
is a fundamental breach of an alleged Constitutional contract.
*President Clinton pushes for a mandatory health care bill for the purpose of
placing the physical bodies of all Americans under control of US Inc., with
international identification attached, for the purpose of tagging the
populance, as per the Biblical prophesy of the Mark of the Beast. The computer
that would handle the tracking is even identified with the acronym
What the above progression depicts is the systematic growth of the power,
scope, and pervasive control of Government exercised against the American
people by foreign, criminal, and hostile powers. This same dreary gestalt constitutes
the nature of man's history on this planet as far back as recorded history will
take us. Civilizations rise, fall, and disappear, replaced by new ones
that—based upon being founded on, and functioning in accordance with wrong
foredoomed for extinction, as were all of their predecessors and as all future
civilizations will be until mankind finally learns and ceases "beating a
dead horse" by structuring law, commerce, religion, and social
organization in general on principles that are existentially impossible.
The above progression has proceeded in America by implementing such
1. Relentlessly instilling in people the foundational idea that governments in
general are absolutely essential in the society of man and that the Government
in America is the people's friend and servant, i.e. a "government of the
people, by the people, and for the people." These premises are
untrue—self-serving cons by those in the seat of power.
2. Creating governmentally-owned corporate franchises, such as a "citizen
of the United States" and one's all-capital-letter name, with which people
are deceived into identifying as themselves.
3. Regarding every citizen of the United States as contractually being:
a. A corporate citizen, i.e. a corporate franchise;
b. A co-trustee (with duties) and co-beneficiary (with privileges) of the 14th
Amendment Public Charitable cestui que Trust;
c. Pledged as an asset in the bankruptcy of US Inc., and therefore a co-surety
for the debts of US Inc.;
d. An enemy of the Creditors;
e. Chattel property of the Bankers and Power Elite;
f. A slave with no capacity for asserting any rights, no standing in law, and
no capacity for contracting.
4. Functioning on the presumption that the individual being, with autonomy and
free will, knowingly, intentionally, and voluntarily contracted into the
situation of being united—like heads and tails of a coin—with a corporate
entity created and owned by the Government.
As per the established maxim of law, "As a thing is bound, so it is
unbound," the way out of the problem is within and through the problem.
This is accomplished by understanding what the problem is, i.e. its structure
and character, just as solving the problem of a plugged drain is accomplished
by realizing that the problem is the plugged drain, whereby the solution
consists of unplugging the drain. "Know the truth and the truth shall make
The United States Library of Congress now has between 2,000,000 and 3,000,000
books on law. Any law library is a daunting place, possessing row after row of
shelves with books full of fine print.
Making knowledge of such "law" even more unattainable is not
only that what passes for law today perpetually changes, altered by every new
court case/opinion, legislative enactment, and all of the ever-changing
policies, rules, and regulations of administrative agencies, but an immense
amount of the world's law today, as actually implemented, is unwritten and
This is not only because judges operate in general equity in which the ultimate
arbiter of a matter is the "conscience of the court" (i.e. how the
judge feels about something that day), but because almost all of the world's
law is the private Law Merchant of the Creditors in bankruptcy of the world's
nations, essentially all of which are insolvent and in receivership to the
Bankers. This private Law Merchant is of ancient origin, and is implemented
today by men whose identities are unknown to the mass of mankind.
In the face of this undependability of law we may ask some fundamental and
1. Is there such a thing as genuine law that is timeless, stable, and
2. If so, can such universal law be effectively invoked and utilized in
practice today? How can I use it to ensure my inalienable sovereign birth
rights to life and happiness?
3. If genuine law exists, why is it not taught and uniformly utilized instead
of the chaotic and colorable charade that dominates the legal field today?
4. Can we integrate said universal law with the ephemeral, desultory
"law" that now enslaves the overwhelming majority of people on this
Note: Natural law, which is really limited to punishing those who harm others
or take their property, is in harmony with God's law. God has given every one
of us the authority to choose. Since people choose to harm others and take
property not belonging to them, unnatural laws
prevail. Universal law, God's law and natural law would restore balance to our
lives, but people must choose to abide them. (DWH)
From the May 2005 Idaho Observer